Russia, 18-19 century, presumably derived Count Alexei Grigorievich Orlov-Chesmensky
The purpose of breeding:
Conservation of rare, endangered, native breeds of hens adapted to the content at low temperatures having good productive and decorative qualities.
Bird semi-annual physique, large, high (cock measures 60 cm.), With strong bones, well muscled, broad-shouldered figure raised up, long thick legs. With the original long neck, well feathered, feathers mane at the top, as if swollen and form a "back of the neck." With characteristic head like a bird of prey head owl or falcon, with deep-set eyes under bushy eyebrows strongly, due to the wide frontal bone of 4-5 cm. Or more. With lush, feathered face and throat pleats, a capping underdeveloped earlobes and earrings. Beard, sideburns and back of the neck form a sort of world.
Breed signs cock:
The trunk is short, broad, ovoid, elated at the front, but not as much as in the Malay hens.
The neck is long, just delivered, with a thick mane and lush, from the base of neck feathers form a large spherical bulge- "scruff". At the base of the neck feathers tight to the body, from the shoulders neck becomes so bulky as in the "nape". The ends of the mane of feathers only slightly impinge on the shoulders.
Back short, flat, with a falling-to-tail line, straight broad shoulders, tapering to the tail. It prevents small, barely noticeable bulge back "smoothed."
The shoulders are wide, straight slightly protruding forward.
Wings of medium length, wide, held tightly to the body, with a slightly bulging shoulders.
Loins wide full, not too long feathers, not forming a cushion.
Tail of medium length, full, forms a right angle with the line of the back. With narrow medium length, well-rounded braids. Upper plaits little tower over the rest of the tail feathers.
Chest broad, rounded, slightly convex, with a tight-fitting plumage.
Belly moderately developed, well matched.
Head of medium size, with a very wide frontal bone, the front part is slightly convex and rounded.The occipital bone is flat and steeply descends, forming a concavity in the transition to the back of the upper neck.
Face red, smooth, partially hidden feathers tank.
The crest is shaped like a cut in half along the long axis of the flattened top and raspberry, covered with small tubercles, or uniform, wide at the base and tapering to the back of the head, without spines, furrowed unevenly spaced sinuous grooves in both cases covered with small bristly feathers. Crest is located on the front lower part of the frontal bone and accumulates slightly in the nostrils, without closing them.
The ear lobes are very small, red, can not be seen as closed tank feathers and beard.
Earrings are underdeveloped, red beard covered with feathers.
Eyes bright orange-red or amber, deep-set under a strong overhanging brow like a bird of prey.
The beak is short, thick at the base of a massive, strongly curved, like a bird of prey, in the old days is preferable to "cleft" yellow light may be a horny plaque.
Tanks and beard:
Bucky large lush. Beard preferably wedge-shaped, or slightly hangs throat fold. White Orlovsky calico and white.
Shin thick, round, well stand out from the trunk, tail tight.
Hocks long, thick enough, unfeatehred, covered with smooth shiny scales yellow.
The toes are long, straight, wide-set, unfeathered yellow.
Hocks and toes should be completely free of any signs of feathers
Plumage dense, lustrous on the face, neck, abdomen very luxuriant, chest shorter and denser.
Breed signs Hen:
They are essentially the same grounds cock but symptoms caused by sexual differences. The body is longer and not as wide, the back to the tail falls to a lesser extent. The tail is not directly available. Belly and root more developed as a result of the wings seem shorter. Tanks and beard developed very strongly, earlobes and earrings are in their infancy and are completely closed plumage face, ie tanks and beard. The crest poorly developed, covered with small bristles. Scruff more convex and lush.
Small growth. Underweight. Narrow or fusiform, or horizontally supplied body. The narrow chest. The narrow or humped back. Too high legs. Long straight thin beak. Weak beard. Lack withers. In chickens calico color black beard. No yellow metatarsal. The young birds are not bright yellow feet.
In chickens calico color primary color plumage dark reddish brown (mahogany). Traces of feathers on the metatarsus and toes.
Rooster: Cockerel 3 -3.5 kg. Cock 3.5 -4.5 kg.
Chicken: pullets 2.5 -3 kg. Hen of 3 - 3.5
Egg production 160-180 eggs the first year, second year 120-150.
The minimum weight of the eggs 58 -60 grams
Color shell pink and white to light cream, in calico chicken light pink color.
ROOSTER: Basic color feathers from light brown to reddish clay. Breast, leg and abdomen are black with white spots. Wings: flight feathers of the first order - external fan brown, internally black, white ending. The flight feathers of the second order - inner web brown, outside - black, white end, allowed three - four white flight feather first order.
On the wing there is a black band with a green tint (mirror) is not very clearly delineated. The tail is black with white border plaits. Admitted white feathers in the upper tail braids.
HEN: The main color is the same as that of a rooster, but lighter, with large white spots all over the plumage and black stripes proximal between white and brown color. The lighter the color of the plumage of chickens older does not diminish their value.